Do You Know The DifferenceBetween Refined And Whole Grains?
Whole grains and refined grainsare not the same
Most people think a grain is a grain, but that isn't true.
It's estimated that 75 to 80 percent of Americans don't eat ANY
grains on a daily basis, much less know that there are 2 different types of grains -- whole and refined.
What Is A Grain?
Most grains are small in size and produce hard, edible fruits or seeds. In their natural form there are 3 parts:
- Bran – This is the outer shell that protects the seed. Bran contains vital unabsorbable roughage (fiber) and is rich in protein.
- Wheat Germ – The germ is the embryo of the fruit or seed. It is rich in vitamins and minerals.
- Endosperm – The endosperm consists mostly of starch. It is the food that supplies energy to the fruit or seed.
Whole grains are great sources of fiber, protein
, healthy fats, and lots of vitamins and minerals.
The Difference Between Grains Starts At Milling
All grains start whole.
The process of milling breaks each grain into its original three parts: bran, wheat germ, and endosperm.
White flour is probably the most commonly known product that is produced through the milling process.
White flour is a refined grain.
While the processes of milling increase shelf life of the product, it does have a nutritional downside; it stripes the bran and germ of natural nutrients such as Vitamin B, Iron, and fiber, leaving only the endosperm.
In the end, most final products have some vitamins and minerals added back in, but they will never again have the same nutrients or natural fiber.
See More About: Fruits
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